The Trouble with Textbooks: Distorting History and Religion
Textbooks around the world are blatantly used as tools for propaganda. It is shocking to discover that history and geography textbooks widely used in America's elementary and secondary classrooms contain some of the very same
inaccuracies about Christianity, Judaism, and the Middle East as those in Iran.
Assessing how textbooks treat these topics provides telling insight into how textbooks approach complex subjects. What do students learn about Jews, Jewish history, and Judaism's relationship to Christianity? How does the ongoing challenging relationship between Jews and Muslims in the Middle East show up in the textbooks? What about the triangulation between Jews, Christians, and Muslims?
The 500 problematic passages about Judaism, Christianity, Islam and the Middle East uncovered in the analysis of the 28 most widely used textbooks in public schools should evoke considerable concern on the part of Americans. History and religion are being distorted in schools in every one of the 50 states.
Did you know that "there is no record of any important [early] Jewish contribution to the sciences?" (World Civilizations, Thomson Wadsworth). Or that "Christianity was started by a young Palestinian named Jesus?" (The World, Scott Foresman/Pearson).
Textbooks include negative stereotypes of Jews, Judaism, and Israel. For example, textbooks tend to discredit the ties between Jews and the land of Israel. Israel is blamed for starting wars in the region and being colonialist. Jews are charged with deicide in the killing of Jesus. All in all, there are repeated misrepresentations that cross the line into bigotry.
The textbook publishing process suffers from systemic ills. Developing a textbook and getting it adopted in the major states of Texas and California is so expensive that only those competitors with the deepest pockets stand a chance to succeed. Only three mega-publishers (down from nine in less than twenty years) control the K-12 textbook market, meaning that more and more titles are concentrated in fewer hands. Errors in one book now stand a greater chance of replicating themselves across other books because they may originate from the same source.
Special interest groups make their influence felt in textbook content through the state adoption process and local district textbook selection. Publishers' reluctance to offend any group results in the dumbing down of textbook lessons to the lowest common denominator.
Teachers also turn to supplemental materials (provided at little or no cost by special interest advocacy groups) including outside readings, DVDs, CDs, exercises, posters, brochures, or other non-textbook (and non-primary) sources. In some situations, these supplemental materials have become nearly as ubiquitous as the textbooks themselves, yet no one can vouch for their factuality and objectivity. They are rarely examined by anyone other than the teacher who uses them. Supplemental materials are often more inaccurate and biased then the textbooks themselves.
"Gary A. Tobin and Dennis R. Ybarra have produced a work of incomparable value. They have exposed an extraordinary pattern of errors, distortions and falsehoods in public school textbooks, teacher training and supplemental materials. More frightening is the stunning extent to which our children are being indoctrinated. Every parent, educator, and policy-maker should read this book."
Kenneth L. Marcus, Lillie and Nathan Ackerman Chair in Equality and Justice in America, City University of New York, former staff director, United States Commission on Civil Rights
"The Trouble with Textbooks is a very important book not only for Jews but for the entire Christian community. This volume is an excellent tool for anyone who is interested in balanced information that is fair and reliable concerning Judaism, Christianity, and Islam."
Rev. John J. Keane, SA, general council member and ecumenical officer, Franciscan Friars of the Atonement
"One of my greatest challenges in the university classroom is to teach critical thinking. Most undergraduates, though, consider the course textbook revealed truth and refuse to question it. The Trouble With Textbooks reveals that what passes for academic writing must be challenged."
Marc Dollinger, Ph.D., Richard and Rhoda Goldman Chair in Jewish Studies and Social Responsibility, San Francisco State University
"This book is a must read for anyone who cares what American school children are learning about history and religion. I was dismayed to learn just how much our nation's school systems and the publishing industry 'dumb down' vital information about religion and how wrong it is."
Carolivia Herron, Ph.D., President, PAUSE Creative Writing Program, in partnership with Washington, D.C. Public Schools
"The Trouble with Textbooks should shock and concern everyone in the educational establishment. This groundbreaking study unflinchingly exposes the dissemination of inaccurate history and demonstrates that parents and responsible educators must steadfastly demand accuracy in social studies textbooks."
Ephraim Isaac, Ph.D., director, Institute of Semitic Studies, Princeton, New Jersey